Hair Loss Conditions

Hair loss is also referred to as alopecia. It is a disorder where the normal growth cycle of your hair is interrupted in favor of hair loss and not hair growth, thus it may require some form of hair loss treatment. The following are some of the common types of hair loss.

  • Androgenic alopecia (AGA) is the most common type of hair loss and affects about 80% of men and 50% of women in the course of their life. This chronic and progressive condition is so common in the United States that the NIH posits that about 30 million women and 50 million men suffer from it. AGA is also called pattern baldness and affects both males and females. However, the presentation of the disease is different in both sexes. Another common condition is traction alopecia, where the hairline starts to recede because of the constant tension that is usually caused by particular hairstyles.
  • Alopecia areata refers to hair loss that occurs due to an autoimmune disease. In autoimmune disorders, your immune system abnormally attacks your cells and tissues. Sometimes this attack can be directed to your hair follicles, causing hair loss and impairs hair regrowth. When given time, the disease worsens to involve all the hairs in the body leading to a condition called complete hair loss or alopecia totalis.
  • Telogen effluvium is a type of hair loss that occurs when a large number of hair follicles enter the telogen phase, also called the resting phase, where growth is halted, and the following growth phase does not begin. Telogen effluvium does not lead to complete hair loss but is associated with marked thinning of hair, especially at the temple and at the crown.
  • Anagen effluvium is a type of hair loss that is synonymous to drug induced alopecia. It refers to the rapid loss of hair secondary to medical treatment. Patients receiving chemotherapy are the common victims of anagen effluvium.
  • Scarring alopecia is also called cicatricial alopecia. Frontal fibrosing alopecia, among others, is hair loss that occurs due to inflammation of the scalp. This type of hair loss begins slowly with no advance symptoms or may occur instantly. Due to its inflammatory nature, scarring alopecia is associated with other symptoms such as pain, itchiness, redness, and rash-like lesions on the scalp.

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